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When Did Seat Belts Become Law in the Uk

1983 – Introduction of rules on the wearing of seat belts for drivers and passengers (adults and children) The legislation on seat belts stipulates that the fastening of seat belts to motor vehicles and the wearing of seat belts by vehicle occupants are mandatory. Laws requiring cars to fasten seat belts have in some cases been followed by laws requiring their use, which has the effect of preventing thousands of deaths on the road. Different laws apply to seat belt use in different countries. The campaign led to the formation of the Parliament Advisory Council on Transportation Safety (PACTS) in 1982, chaired by MP Barry Sheerman. He has been instrumental in promoting change to ensure that seat belt use becomes a legal requirement. If you are not caught wearing a seat belt in the UK, a fine of around £100 is usually imposed with a maximum fine of £500. Despite the warnings, the AA estimates that 5% of passengers still do not wear seat belts. A 2008 report from the Department of Transportation found that 34 percent of car occupants killed in collisions were not wearing seatbelts. – Drivers between the ages of 17 and 34, who have been required by law to wear seat belts for most of their lives, were found to have the lowest seat belt rates. The main task of a seat belt is to keep the occupant of the car in the vehicle during the accident and to prevent or minimize injuries. It will aim to limit movement and distribute stopping force over a larger area of the body, including the ribs and pelvis.

The following table provides an overview of the date on which seat belt legislation was introduced in different countries. It includes both regional and national legislation. Ford also invented a seat belt with airbag. The first device of this type allows the effects of an accident to spread further throughout the body to minimize injuries. A high-profile advertising campaign launched in July 1998 showed a mother killed in a car when she was hit from behind by her unsealed child. All provinces in Canada have primary enforcement laws for seat belts. In 1976, Ontario became the first province to pass legislation requiring vehicle occupants to wear seat belts. [5] Thousands of lives have been saved over the years and countless injuries have been prevented because the driver and passenger had fastened their seat belts. Organisations advocating mandatory seat belt use included the Child Accident Prevention Trust, the British Medical Association, the Casualty Surgeons Association, Anglia Ruskin University, the University of Birmingham, UCL, insurance companies, the Chartered Institution of Highways & Transportation, the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents and the AA. Soon after, the number of passengers wearing seat belts increased significantly, from 40% to 90%. There were also immediate results. Children must use a child seat until they are 12 years old or 135 cm / 4 ft 5 in high, whichever comes first.

After that, they will have to wear a seat belt or £500 will be spent. However, safety experts recommend using a child seat for all children under 150 cm / 4 feet 11 inches. A predicate offence means that a police officer can stop a driver solely for violating the Seat Belt Act, and a secondary offence states that one can only be punished for violating the Seat Belt Act if he or she is already arrested for another reason. As of January 2007, 25 states and the District of Columbia had primary seat belt laws, 24 had secondary seat belt laws, and New Hampshire had no laws. [11] In 2009, Public Health Law Research published several evidence sheets summarizing research assessing the public health impact of a particular law or policy. One explained, «Seat belt laws work, but there is strong evidence that primary seat belt laws are more effective than secondary enforcement laws in increasing seat belt use and reducing accidental injuries.» [12] However, there are a few exceptions. You don`t need to wear a seat belt if you: Research conducted in 1998 showed that 160 lives a year could be saved by buckling their seat belts in the back – including 40 drivers or passengers killed in the back by an un buckled passenger. In the European Union, seat belts were only mandatory in vehicles under 3.5 tonnes, until a 2003 directive made them mandatory in all vehicles in 2006.

The Directive also clarified the seat belt for children and made it mandatory to deactivate the airbag for the use of rear-facing child restraint systems. There are some exceptions for five Member States — Belgium, Denmark, France, Sweden, Spain — and the United Kingdom. [18] David Davies, Executive Director of PACTS, said: «The seat belt legislation was revolutionary. Parliament recognises that the prevention of road deaths and injuries is a matter for the government and not just for the driver: a public health approach. For passengers, seat belts are 45% effective in preventing fatal or serious injuries, and 20% in preventing minor injuries. Figures for October 2000 show that rear seat belt use has increased to 59 per cent of adults and 91 per cent of children. Children under the age of three must sit in an appropriate car seat with restraint systems. The only exception is if you drive in a taxi when they don`t need to be restrained.

Which one? Started in 1962 by lobbying for the implementation of the Seat Belt Act, making it one of our oldest campaigns. Nearly 60 years later, we are still committed to the safety of all the cars we test. Find out which cars performed very well in our reviews by going to our roundup of the best cars for 2018. The percentage of people wearing seat belts has also remained consistently high. But does this mean that the death toll has also continued to fall? In 1982, the year before the Seat Belt Act came into force, 2,443 people were killed on British roads. By 2016, that number had dropped to 816. This is a great achievement, especially since the number of cars on the road has increased significantly during this period. REMEMBER: The driver of the vehicle is responsible for ensuring that all child passengers wear a seat belt or are in the appropriate car seat/booster seat for their age/height. Failure to comply may result in a fine imposed on the driver as described above. Neck injuries can be caused by the delay caused by high speed. The passenger`s head continues to move forward while the body is restrained, which can lead to debilitating injuries.

A study of these injuries states: «Seat belts save lives. However, they can lead to violations of neighboring structures, and in case of dysfunctions, lead to violations of the abdominal intestines, bone skeleton and vascular structures. The automotive industry has attempted to reduce these injuries by changing vehicle design and safety equipment. [54] The combination of effective law enforcement and rigorous public awareness campaigns means that 30 years later, the vast majority of drivers and passengers fasten their seatbelts when they get in their cars. On January 31, 1983, seat belts came into force. Shortly thereafter, it was observed that 90% of drivers and passengers wore seat belts. In addition, a 29% decrease in fatal injuries to passengers and a 30% decrease in serious injuries were reported this year. According to RoSPA, seat belts have saved tens of thousands of lives in the UK since the requirement to wear a seat belt in front seats in 1983.

«Seat belts are a great success, but the work is not done yet. The current fine of £100 does not highlight the seriousness of the risk to drivers and is not compatible with the offences. PACTS also requires three penalty points. .